Saturday, 29 October 2016

The Martingale using Lambdas

I created a small blog post some time ago regarding the Martingale System of Gambling.

In it, a programming example is available, which could be rewritten using the Lambda style in Java 8.

I am going to attempt doing just that and post my results below.

ForEach

When I was following the MOOC course of Oracle1, Simon Ritter quite emphatically mentioned trying not to use the foreach method when not required.

But let us try it now, as a seemingly perfectly reasonable first step on a slippery slope to hell.

What we need is a stream of random numbers, and then run the foreach on it.
So far, so good.

Still doesn't look very much better, and perhaps even a little bit worse.

Mapping

Let's try to make it better.

For this we are going to use an "Account" class. Like this:

This class will be used in the Lambda, like so:

Conclusion

Lambdas can make your code look a lot cleaner. However, they can never replace all the loops in your code, as witnessed in the example above.

I'd really like to use collect or reduce instead of the forEach in the example, but I don't think I can.

But if anyone has any suggestions on how to fix it, please tell me.

For the source code to the "Bet" class, check out https://gist.github.com/maartenl/a804f4ac435f491b57c7ae810d5fd577.

Peek and Debugging

Peek is very valuable if you wish to do some debugging of your new Lambdas.

Using the following:
new Random()
           .ints(0, 37)
           .peek(System.out::println)
           .mapToObj(x -> Bet.getBet(x))
           .peek(System.out::println)
           .forEach(x
                   ->
                   {
                     if (x == Bet.RED)
                     {
                       account.add();
                     } else
                     {
                       account.subtract();
                     }
           });

You get some nice output to see what's happening:
10
BLACK
29
BLACK
11
BLACK
19
RED
26
BLACK
34
RED
34
RED

References

[1] Oracle - Announcing: JDK 8 MOOC: Lambdas and Streams!
https://blogs.oracle.com/javatraining/entry/announcing_jdk_8_mooc_lambdas
[2] The Java™ Tutorials > Collections > Aggregate Operations - Reduction
https://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/collections/streams/reduction.html
Wikipedia - Roulette
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roulette

1 comment:


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